Innovative technologies at a glance

Innovation and digitalization enable energy systems that are efficient, resilient, and capable of delivering a net-zero region. Sustainable innovative solutions, such as CCUS, hydrogen and the advanced nuclear power, must be scaled-up to match traditional technologies’  cost and technical competitiveness through technological advances, economies of scale, and closer alignment with market demand.

How much will the transition to net-zero cost? 

Carbon neutrality requires a significant shift in the allocation of investment in the future energy systems. The cost of a carbon neutrality scenario is 1.6 times greater than a reference scenario.   

Governments must act

    Raise awareness about the merits of all low- and zero-carbon technologies

    Develop policy frameworks in support of carbon neutrality

    Create a level-playing field to finance a just transition toward carbon-neutral energy systems

Technology Briefs

Nuclear Power

International climate objectives will not be met if nuclear power is excluded, according to UNECE report.

Full Report


Hydrogen can help decarbonize the economy, through massive investments and appropriate policy support, according to UNECE report.

Full Report

Carbon Capture Use & Storage

Carbon capture, use and storage is needed urgently to meet carbon neutrality targets, according to UNECE report.

Full Report

UNECE can help build international cooperation and inclusive dialogue

Coordinated international cooperation will be essential to attain a carbon-neutral energy system. 

UNECE provides a much-needed platform for developing rules, standards, and norms for systemic lifestyle and infrastructural changes. 

Supportive policies, incentives, and regulatory frameworks encourage regional technical cooperation across industry, buildings, and transport for projects of common interest and public-private partnerships. 

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe has developed has found clear pathways for policymakers to attain a carbon-neutral energy system.


30+ Countries actively participating in carbon neutrality project implementation.


15+ capacity building workshops delivered on low- and zero-technologies and carbon neutrality frameworks. 


7+ United Nation's publications on carbon neutrality including technology and policy briefs.


Launch of activities on rebuilding the energy system in Ukraine, and carbon neutrality attainment in Central Asia.


Millions of views of the ECE Carbon Neutrality Toolkit at international events, and online.